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RE: Objects, processes, and encapsulation

>Where such an opinion comes from? I have participated in developing rather
>large (aprox. a million LOC) commercial systems using OO technology. OO 
>was neither "hard" nor resulted in "unscalable systems". Actually, I cannot
>imagine such effort without using OO technology.
Let's hope none of them are safety-critical.

Do you have any means of making _guarantees_ concerning behaviour?
Can you include concurrency with any assurance of no deadlock (ever)?
Do you have quantitative evidence for the true value of (eg) inheritance?

For processes, we have a sound formal basis - one in which we can capture 
design rules either in a programming language or ancillary tool, removing 
the need for formal analysis but offering the same guarantees, including 
deadlock-freedom. Concurrent programming becomes no more difficult than 
sequential programming. I've repeatedly seen students succeed in 
programming concurrency, using occam, who fail with pointers (or 

Hardly a week goes by without the press announcing the collapse of yet 
another large software project. One does NOT need to look far for 
evidence of failure. And just how often does the truth escape?

It's ironic that it won't be medical or military systems that force 
change by making program security essential. It's ordinary folk at home 
who will chuck Windoze (and Java) in the bin the first time it crashes, 
and who won't tolerate a restart simply 'cos they want to plug something 

University education should be about truth, which is always eventually 
self-evident. What we have now, in the teaching of programming, is 
nothing more than the chanting of dogma. I for one am tired of being 
asked to believe something just 'cos it's written. I will no longer ask 
that of students.


Dr. Ian Robert East         School of Computing and Mathematical Sciences
ireast@xxxxxxxxxxxxx                            Oxford Brookes University
(44) 1865 483635                                          Turing Building
                                                          Wheatley Campus 
                                                          Oxford OX33 1HX
Consultation hours for 2001/2002 Term 1
Mon 09.00..11.00
Fri 11.00..13.00